Conjunctival graft


A gingival graft is an autologous gingival graft. This is mucogingival surgery.

Gingival grafting restores thickness and height to weakened gingiva, halting recession.

Gingival recession

The gingiva may present localized or generalized retractions. These lesions are called gingival recessions. These recessions cause the tooth to lengthen, making the dental root more visible, which can lead to sensitivity and aesthetic problems.

The etiology of these recessions is usually inappropriate aggressive brushing, or they may arise following orthodontic treatment. In addition to tooth lengthening, the main consequence is a weakening of the gums supporting the tooth. These recessions can be treated with periodontal plastic surgery or gum grafting, which covers the recession and strengthens the gum to prevent recurrence of the lesion. The graft is taken from the thickness of the palate. Thanks to the evolution of surgical techniques, and in particular the use of minimally invasive surgery, postoperative follow-up is limited.

Aims and indications

How does the procedure work?

Gum grafting techniques

The graft taken is total: keratinized epithelium + connective tissue. This type of graft increases and strengthens the keratinized gingiva (i.e. its surface is covered with several layers of resistant cells, making it thicker and firmer, particularly on the palate and other areas subject to friction during mastication). It can cover the root to a greater or lesser extent (rarely completely).

Only the connective tissue is removed, without the epithelium; it will be slid under the epithelium of the recipient site. This type of graft covers the root and creates attached gingiva or interdental papillae.
Part of the gingiva is detached and relocated. Covers recessions and adds gingiva.
Covers one or more gingival recessions.
Allows you to increase the height of the die (before making a crown).